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ISSN : 1229-3431(Print)
ISSN : 2287-3341(Online)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment and Safety Vol.25 No.4 pp.448-456
DOI : https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2019.25.4.448

A Basic Survey on the Occupational Health and Safety Activities of Seafarers

Jae-Ho Kim

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop basic data for the prevention of shipboard disasters and measures to improve the safety and health of seafarers by using a survey on the safety and health activities of seafarers. The questionnaire was administered to 437 people who have worked on a ship in the last six months. According to the results from the analyses (t-test, crosstab, and ANOVA), the level of safety and health activities of seafarers averaged at 68.82 points. The workplace clearance was the highest at 76.08 points, and the safety and health management system were the lowest at 62.78 points. As a result of the differences in the level of safety and health activities, the number of marine workers was higher than workers on land, and higher education was higher than lower education (p<0.01). It was higher for workers in coastal zones than for those in pelagic areas, and special cargo ships were higher than other ship types (p<0.01). Larger ships had a higher number of activities than small ships, and ships that were less than five years old had more activities (p<0.01). Therefore, in order to raise the level of safety and health activities of seafarers, it is necessary to develop safety and health education programs that take individual, job, and ship characteristics into consideration, and promote active safety and health activities on ships.

선박승무원 선내작업 안전보건활동 기초 실태조사

김재호

초록

본 연구는 선원들의 안전보건활동 실태조사를 통하여 선내 재해예방과 안전보건활동 대책에 필요한 기초 자료를 제공하기 위한 목적으로 최근 6개월 이내 승선경험이 있는 437명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하였다. 분석결과 선원들의 안전보건활동 수준은 평균 68.82점이었으며, 작업장 정리정돈이 76.08점으로 가장 높았고, 안전보건관리체계가 62.78점으로 가장 낮았다. 안전보건활동 수준 차이 검증결과 해상직원이 육상직원보다 높았고, 고학력자가 저학력자에 비해 높았다(p<0.01). 외항이 내항보다 높았으며, 특수화물선이 다른 선종보다 높았다(p<0.01). 선박의 크기는 대형선이 소형선에 비해 높았으며, 선령이 5년 미만 선박종사자에서 가장 높았다(p<0.01). 따라 서 선원의 안전보건활동 수준을 높이기 위해 개인 및 직무특성과 선박의 특성 차이를 고려한 다양한 안전보건교육프로그램의 개발, 선 내 안전보건활동의 활성화 등 선원들의 재해 예방을 위한 적극적인 선내 안전보건 활동 지원 대책이 필요하다.

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